知名地产防渗防裂节点构造标准图集

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防渗防裂节点构造标准
说 明
一、《防渗防裂节点构造标准》是集团股份有限公司企业标准之一,共有地下工程防渗防裂节点 构造标准、屋面工程防渗防裂节点构造标准、外墙工程防渗防裂节点构造标准、楼地面工程防渗防裂 节点构造标准、外墙门窗工程安装防渗漏节点构造标准、砌体防开裂节点构造标准和给排水管道及卫生洁具安装工程防渗漏节点构造标准7个部分,为推荐性标准图集。其编写目的是为设计部、工程部工程技术人员提供较为有效的防渗防裂 做法和相关的质量控制要点。
二、本《防渗防裂节点构造标准》由集团工程管理部根据集团各项目及标杆企业的经验编制,具有较 强的实用性和可操作性,可以指导施工图纸的设计和现场施工,各公司设计部、工程部可以根据本项目具体情况选择适合的节点标准作为设计任务书的要求及招标文件的技术要求,同时,本标准也可作为工程部编制项目《防渗防裂专项施工方案》的依据。
三、编制依据:
1、《地下工程防水技术规范》 GB50108-2008
2、《地下防水工程质量验收规范》 GB50208-2011
3、《屋面工程技术规范》 GB50345-2012
4、《屋面工程质量验收规范》 GB50207-2012
5、《种植屋面工程技术规程》 JGJ155-2013
6、《建筑地面设计规范》 GB50037-2013
7、《建筑地面工程施工质量验收规范》 GB50209-2010
8、《建筑装饰装修工程质量验收规范》 GB50210-2011
9、《建筑工程施工质量验收统一标准》 GB50300-2013
10、《砌体结构工程施工质量验收规范》 GB50203-2011
11、《住宅设计规范》 GB50096-2011
12、《住宅建筑规范》 GB50368-2005
13、《建筑给排水及采暖工程施工质量验收规范》 GB50242-2002
14、《建筑给排水硬聚氯乙烯管道工程技术规程》 CJJ/T29-2010
15、《自动喷水灭火系统施工及验收规范》 GB50261-2005
16、《建筑给水聚乙烯管道工程技术规程》 CJJ/T98-2003
17、《建筑给水聚丙烯管道工程技术规程》 GB/T50349-2005
18、《通风与空调工程施工质量验收规范》 GB50243-2016
四、本标准中的防水层材料仅供参考,各项目可以根据本地区具体情况作出修改,以设计图纸为准,本标准主要是提供节点的构造做法。
五、本《防渗防裂节点构造标准》由集团工程总监审核、总裁批准后正式发布。
目录
一、地下室渗漏节点做法
总体要求··························································1
地下室底板防水构造详图·············································2
底板沉降后浇带超前止水节点构造图···································2
地下室与地下室出入口连接处底板防水构造·····························3
地下室与地下室出入口连接处墙体防水构造·····························3
地下室外墙后浇带防渗漏大样图·······································4
地下室顶板后浇带节点构造简图·······································4
地下室顶板转角(阳角)部位节点构造简图·····························5
外墙转角(阳角)构造节点简图·······································5
地下室种植顶板(防水等级一级)构造图·······························6
旭辉建造 2·0 后浇带盖板穿插施工····································6
地下室外墙防水构造简图·············································7
覆土以下外墙止水螺杆节点构造简图···································7
外墙穿墙预埋套管(平墙面)节点构造简图·····························8
地下室排风井道大样·················································8
消防电梯基坑和排水基坑做法·········································9
无水电梯基坑做法···················································9
地下室顶板转角高墙(阴角)部位节点构造简图························10
种植屋面暗沟方式排水大样··········································10
灌注桩桩头防水节点················································11
抗拔桩桩头防水节点················································11
外墙穿墙预埋群套管(凸出墙面)节点构造简图························12
外墙穿墙预埋群套管(平墙面)节点构造简图··························12
地下室排水沟······················································13
地下室顶板车辆坡道················································13
外墙穿墙预埋管节点构造简图········································14
出顶板面立管节点构造简图··········································14
设备机房排水地沟··················································15
汽车坡道排水地沟··················································15
二、屋面防渗漏节点做法
总体要求·························································16
出屋面烟风道防水构造节点做法(平屋面)······························17
出屋面烟风道防水构造节点做法(坡屋面)······························18
屋面排气帽构筑节点················································19
屋面排水檐口防渗漏节点做法········································19
屋面彩瓦与女儿墙及构筑墙体构筑节点································20
水泥屋面瓦体系节点(天沟)··········································21
斜屋面彩瓦避雷引下线及避雷支架防渗漏节点··························22
坡屋面檐沟防渗漏节点··············································23
屋面墙体交界处构造(水泥瓦屋面体系)································24
平屋面屋顶构造图··················································25
平屋面屋露台顶构造图··············································25
平屋面屋露台和室内顶构造图········································26
出屋面反坎构造图··················································26
屋面变形缝构造做法················································27
屋面侧排式落水斗防渗漏节点做法····································28
屋面排水地漏防渗漏节点做法········································28
屋面女儿墙(1)防渗漏节点做法 ····································29
屋面女儿墙(2)防渗漏节点做法·····································29
屋面保温通气管····················································30
出屋面设备管立管根部节点··········································31
天沟防渗漏节点····················································32
斜屋面模板体系····················································33
风井出屋面详图····················································34
三、外墙防渗漏节点做法
总体要求 ························································35
伸缩、抗震、沉降缝渗漏节点做法 ···································36
凸出外墙面装饰线条节点做法········································37
外墙螺杆孔洞 ·····················································38
混凝土外墙空调、新风、排气、排烟洞节点做法························39
卫生间通气孔洞节点做法 ···········································40
采光井玻璃屋顶节点做法 ···········································41
外墙保温板框点粘贴节点 ···········································42
外墙雨阳棚节点构造 ··············································43
回土面一下必须混凝土浇筑墙体加防水节点做法 ·······················43
阳露台壁灯、遮阳预埋安装节点做法 ·································44
单体排水沟节点做法················································45
单体入大堂及别墅人户节点做法······································46
外墙楼梯踏步及开放式楼梯节点做法 ·································47
消防连廊防水节点做法 ·············································48
外墙空调板加强防水节点构造 ·······································48
外墙飘窗防水节点构造··············································49
四、楼地面防渗漏节点做法
总体要求 ························································50
淋浴房挡水条及门槛石节点做法······································51
卫生间电地暖、客厅水地暖节点做法··································52
厨房间电地暖、客厅水地暖节点做法 ·································53
阳台客餐厅(铝合金)移门防水及标高做法····························54
阳台客餐厅(塑钢)移门防水及标高做法 ·····························55
卫生间门槛节点做法················································56
厨房间门槛节点做法 ···············································57
阳台和客餐厅防水及标高构造········································58
卫生间干湿分离节点做法 ···········································59
水地暖进卫生间节点做法 A··········································60
水地暖进卫生间节点做法 B ·········································61
客餐厅地暖施工,卫生间无地暖做法 ·································62
客餐厅地暖施工,厨房间无地暖做法··································63
卫生门线条和门槛石节点做法 ·······································64
厨房间门线条和门槛石节点做法 ·····································65
浴缸安装节点做法一 ··············································66
浴缸安装节点做法二 ··············································67
浴缸安装节点做法三 ··············································68
坐便器安装 ······················································69
台盆下水安装节点做法一 ··········································70
台盆下水安装节点做法二 .··········································71
厨房下水安装节点做法 ············································72
地漏及止水节节点做法 ············································73
预留管洞穿楼板防渗漏节点做法 ····································74
排水管立管止水节防渗漏节点做法 ···································75
煤气立管、消防立管、给水立管防渗漏节点做法 ·······················76
同层排水沉箱防渗漏节点做法 ······································77
卫生间防水节点做法 ·············································78
五、外墙门窗防渗漏安装节点做法
总体要求 ·······················································79
平开窗(含副框)标准安装节点 ····································80
平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ····································81
平开窗标准安装节点 ··············································82
平开窗悬窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ································83
裙房平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ································84
推拉窗(含副框毛坯)标准安装节点 ································85
推拉窗(含副框精装修厨卫间)标准安装节点 ························86
推拉窗标准安装节点 ··············································87
推拉窗标准安装节点 ··············································88
裙房平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ································89
平开窗(含副框)标准安装节点 ····································90
平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ····································91
推拉窗标准安装节点 ·············································92
推拉窗标准安装节点 ··············································93
裙房平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ································94
推拉窗(含副框毛坯)标准安装节点 ································95
推拉窗(含副框精装修厨卫间)标准安装节点 ························96
推拉窗标准安装节点 ··············································97
裙房平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ································98
推拉窗标准安装节点 ··············································99
PC 预制门窗移门和平开门安装节点 ································100
推拉窗标准安装节点 ·············································101
推拉窗标准安装节点 ·············································102
推拉窗标准安装节点 ·············································103
裙房平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ·······························104
推拉窗标准安装节点 ·············································105
推拉窗标准安装节点 ·············································106
推拉窗标准安装节点 ·············································107
裙房平开窗(厨卫间)标准安装节点 ·······························108
系统天窗防渗漏安装构造节点一 ···································109
系统天窗防渗漏安装构造节点二 ···································110
铝合金门窗拼角注胶防渗漏做法一 ·································111
铝合金门窗拼角注胶防渗漏做法二 ·································112
铝合金门窗拼角防渗漏做法 ·······································113
铝合金门窗拼角防渗漏做法 ·······································114
六、砌体工程防开裂节点做法;
总体要求 ·······················································115
导墙和给水管预留预埋节点做法 ···································116
外墙洞口构造 ···················································117
入户门洞口 ······················································118
斜砌端部预制混凝土三角块 ········································119
斜砌管线部位节点 ···············································119
斜砌中部预制三角混凝土块 ·······································119
叠合板防开裂做法 ···············································120
七、给排水管道及卫生洁具安装防渗漏节点做法:
总体要求: ·····················································121
卫生间马桶登高管和三角阀及龙头安装防渗漏做法 ····················122
UPVC 排水管消防喷淋管接头安装防渗漏做法 ·······················123
PP-R 管连接防渗漏做法 ··········································124
空调供回水管安装固定支架、空调风管防结露做法 ···················125
给水管道预留槽及后开槽做法 ······································126
柜体内水管凸出墙体做法 ·········································127
低温热水地板辐射供暖系统施工安装(一) ·························128
低温热水地板辐射供暖系统施工安装(二) ·························129
地热分集水器做法 ··············································130

屋面防渗漏节点做法
总体要求
一、本地下工程防渗漏节点做法是在严格执行《地下防水工程质量验收规范》(GB50208一2011)
和《地下工程防水技术规范》(GB50108-2008)的基础上,统一地下工程防水工程中各重点部位的防水细部做法,以规范施工,达到防止渗漏的目的。
二、地下防水工程中涉及的混凝土强度等级、抗渗等级、防水做法必须符合设计图纸的要求。
三、地下防水工程施工前,项目技术负责人必须组织技术人员进行图纸会审,掌握工程主体及细部构造的防水技术要求,并编制防水工程的施工方案。
四、防水混凝土应连续浇筑,宜少留施工缝。当必须留设施工缝时应遵守下列规定:
1、墙体水平施工缝不应留在剪力与弯矩最大处或底板与侧墙的交接处,应留在高出底板表面不小于300mm的墙体上。拱(板)墙结合的水平施工缝宜留在拱(板)墙接缝线以下150-300mm处,墙体
有预留孔洞时施工缝距孔洞边缘不应小于300m。
2、外墙垂直施工缝应避开地下水和裂隙水较多地段,并宜与变型缝相结合。
五、施工缝的施工应符合下列规定:
1、水平施工缝浇灌混凝土前应将其表面浮浆和杂物清除,然后铺设净浆或涂刷混凝土界面处理剂、水泥基渗透结晶型防水涂料,再铺30-50m厚同强度去石子混凝土,并应及时浇灌混凝土。
2、垂直施工缝浇灌混凝土前,应将其表面清理干净,再涂刷混凝土界面处理剂或水泥基渗透结晶型防水涂料,并应及时浇灌混凝土。

3、选用的遇水膨胀止水条应具有缓胀性能,其7的膨胀率不应大于最终膨胀率的60%,最终膨胀率宜大于220%
4、适水膨胀止水条宜牢固地安装在预留槽内。
5、采用中埋式止水带时应确保位置准确,并固定牢靠。
六、防水混凝土结构内部设置的各种钢筋或绑扎铁丝,不得接触模板,用于固定模板的螺栓必须穿过混凝土结构时可采用工具式螺栓或螺栓加堵头,螺栓上应加焊止水环。拆模后将留下的凹槽用密封材料封堵密实,并应聚合物水泥砂浆抹平。
七、防水混凝土终凝后应立即进行养护,养护时间不得少于14。
八、防水混凝土的冬期施工应符合下列规定:
1、混凝土入模温度不应低于50C。
2、混凝土应采用综合蓄热法、蓄热法、暖棚法、摻化学外加剂等养护方法,不得采用电热法或蒸汽直接加热法。
3、应采取保温保湿措施。
九、收缩型后浇带一般在两侧混凝土龄期达到42后施工,沉降型后浇带则必须待高层部位主体结构施工结束、沉降基本完成后浇筑。后浇带应设在受力和变形较小的部位。后浇带应采用补偿收缩混凝土浇筑,其抗渗和抗压等级不应低于两侧混凝土。

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